Planetary Roller Screw Differences – Selection Process
The data on the following pages is designed to assist you in selecting the proper screw size for your application. Please contact our Sales Engineering department for assistance, if required.
Basic Dynamic Load Ratings (C):
Dynamic load is used to calculate the fatigue life of a planetary roller screw. The dynamic load rating is defined as load, constant in magnitude and direction under which 90% of a statistically significant number of apparently identical planetary roller screws reach an operating life of revolutions (L10).
Static Load Ratings (C0):
Static Load rating (C0) is a load that causes permanent deformation at the most heavily loaded contact equal to .0001 of the curvature diameter of the rolling element.
Static Load Safety Factors (S0):
In order to prevent deformations that could impair the proper function and the operating noise of the planetary roller screw, a safety factor (S0) should be used when selecting a roller screw based on basis of its static load rating. For operations with quasi-static load applications (such as presses) where load occurs primarily on the same portion of the stroke, it is recommended to use a higher S0.
Theoretical life (L10 or Lh) is the operating time reached by 90% of a group of apparently identical planetary roller screws operating under the same conditions. Theoretical life is calculated as:
= Life(millions of shaft revolutions)
= Dynamic load capacity (kN)
= Cubic mean load (kN)
= Required dynamic load capcity (kN)
Theoretical life, normally expressed in 106 revolutions, can be expressed in different operating units such as hours:
= Screw equivalent rotational speed(rpm)
Operating Loads can be quantified by the incremental load and stroke characteristics that the system is subject to: masses, inertia, etc. For systems with varying conditions (changes of load magnitude, duration, and/or speed), a more complex calculation would be required. Please contact CMC sales engineering for more information on these types of applications. The equivalent load is the calculated cubic mean operating load used for determining life. This is dependent on load pattern.
Equivalent cubic mean load can be calculated as:
= Incremental force components of
= Incremental stroke components associated
with each load(mm)
Rigidity of Roller Screw:
The rigidity of a roller screw assembly is a function of many parameters, including: nut rigidity, bearing support rigidity, screw shaft rigidity, mounting housing rigidity, and mounting arrangement. If known, all these parameters can be assembled in a formula as follows:
Efficiency and Driving Torque:
The efficiency of a planetary roller screw is dependent on its operating parameters. The friction of the system is ependent on many factors that can vary. The following calculation is a simplification of the screw selection process that can change based on variables.
= Theoretical direct efficiency: converting shaft rotation into axial motion
= Theoretical indirect efficiency (backdriving)
= Practical efficiency: the value of 0.9 should be used as an average value between the practical efficiency of a new screw and that of a normally run screw.
This is the value that should be used for all industry applications in all normal working conditions.
= Lead of screw (mm)
= Pitch diameter of screw (mm)
= Coefficient of friction
To move an axial load at constant speed the screw requires a motor torque and its magnitude can be calculated as:
= Required input torque ( Nm)
= Axial load developed by screw ( N)
To restrain an axial load, the screw must be equipped with a brake. The restraining torque is calculated as:
= Required braking torque ( Nm)
NOTE: Start-up torque will be greater than the value .